Regulatory requirements within the European Union
The Radio Equipment Directive (RE-D) is the successor of the R&TTE directive.
The RE-D has been applicable from 13 June 2016 onwards. During a transition period (end 12 June 2017) manufacturers or importers were allowed “to place radio equipment on the market” which complied either to the new RE-D rules or the R&TTE directive.
According to EU rules a product is “placed on the market” when a manufacturer or importer makes an offer regarding the transfer of ownership of an individual product (not a type of product!) to a distributor or end-user for the first time. Equipment that has been “placed on the market” but not been sold to the end-user can continue to be sold after this deadline, if it was conform to the legislation applicable at that time.
RE-D encompasses devices that intentionally emit or receive radio waves for the purpose of
- radio communications (e.g. broadcast transmitters, radio receivers, cordless phones, wireless microphones, short range devices)
- determination (e.g. of a position as in GPS receivers, radar, movement detectors, RFID …)
- battery chargers for mobile phones (to improve status of interoperability between mobile phones and common chargers)
RE-D does not encompass
- Radio equipment used exclusively for activities concerning public security, defense, state security or for the economic well-being of the state
- Amateur radio kits
- Marine equipment
- Airborne products, parts and appliances (as regulated under Article 3 of regulation EC 216/2008)
- Custom built kits used solely for research and development activities
Frequency range of devices that fall under the RE-D
- up to 3000GHz, no lower limit
Essential requirements of the RE-D directive
Radio equipment that falls under the RE-D shall
- protect health and safety of persons, and of domestic animals and protects property
- provide adequate level of electromagnetic compatibility
- use of radio spectrum efficiently (Article 3(2))
- interwork with accessories such as common chargers (Article 3(3))
- interwork via networks with other radio equipment (Article 3(3))
- connect to interfaces of the appropriate type throughout the EU (Article 3(3))
- not harm the network, its functioning, its resources (Article 3(3))
- incorporate safeguards to protect personal data and privacy of users and subscribers
- support features ensuring access to emergency services
- support features to facilitate its use by users with a disability
- support features to ensure software can only be loaded into the radio equipment where the compliance of the combination of the radio equipment and software has been demonstrated
This must be fixed visibly, legibly and indelibly to the radio equipment and/or its data plate (integrated screen) and its packaging. You only need to add the identification number of the Notified Body if the conformity assessment was based on a full quality assurance system. The alert symbol for Class2 equipment (the circle with the exclamation mark) has been removed from the requirements list.
The technical documentation should contain those technical data the manufacturer uses to ensure that radio equipment complies with the essential requirements. You must provide this before market introduction and write it in an official EU language. Together with the Conformity Assessment Documents you have to make these available to the authorities for at least 10 years after market introduction.
Read more about RE-D at
- FAQs regarding the Radio Equipment Directive – issued by the EU
- Explanations regarding “placing on the market” – issued by the EU – see article 2.3.
- Official RE-D standards
- Main changes between R&TTE and RE-D