rtte-ca-makes-7layers-a-member

June 17th, 2014

RTTE_20CAR&TTE Compliance Association makes 7layers its new member

7layers has been adopted as a new member of R&TTE Compliance Association. The Association is covering aspects of the current R&TTE directive.

In addition it has started to work on interpretations for the new EU Radio Equipment Directive (RED, 2014/53/EU) repealing the R&TTE Directive by mid of 2016. For more information – see below!

The R&TTE Compliance Association consists of Notified Bodies, European Commission Representatives, product manufacturers, test houses and other invited global industry bodies.

It provides a forum for organizations concerned with the compliance of radio and telecommunications terminal equipment with regulations and technical standards in the European Economic Area, as well as in those countries that have a Mutual Recognition Agreement with the EU, such as the USA, Canada, Japan, New Zealand and Australia.

Due to its membership in the R&TTE CA, 7layers has direct access to special regulatory interpretations. Also specific previews are provided on the  latest regulatory developments and upcoming changes, including updates from other regions such as North America or Japan. All this provides added value to our daily business, our customers are benefitting from.

 

Information about the Radio Equipment Directive “RED”:
From R&TTE to RED  – main changes

 

RED – Validity

The RED radio directive was published in the Official Journal on 22nd May 2014 and became effective 20 days after publication. Member states now have to adopt and publish the RED in national law at the latest by 12 June 2016. For a transition period of 2 years both the R&TTE directive and the RED will be applicable. Products previously assessed and with a declaration of conformity against the R&TTE Directive 99/5/EC issued before 13 June 2016 may continue to be placed on the market until 13 June 2017. So in case you intend to have your radio devices on the EU market after June 2017 you should check early whether declaration according to the RED is feasible.

RED – Intention

Reliable and fast wireless communications is essential to support the developments towards a smarter world in all spheres of life. A basically “new” directive, replacing the R&TTE directive from 1999 became necessary to adapt to the changes in the market, Thanks to the alignment of the radio directive with other applicable legislation, it shall be possible to lower compliance costs, ensure for an efficient use of radio spectrum and enable the co-existent of the growing number of users and radio equipment without interference. The new Legislative Framework for products (IP714/111) makes the overall regulatory framework for products more consistent and easier to apply.

For easier understanding the most important new developments have been marked red.

RED Scope

  • The new RED (radio equipment directive) is a pure “radio” directive. It only encompasses equipment that intentionally emits or receives radio waves for the purpose of radio communication (e.g. broadcast transmitters, cordless phones, wireless microphones, short range devices) or determination (GPS receivers, movement detectors, radar, RFID …).
  • (Broadcast) Radio receivers now also fall under the directive. They must achieve a minimum level of performance to safeguard the efficient use of radio spectrum. (e.g. TV receivers)
  • Requirements for accessories, especially for a common charger for Mobile phones and other portable radio devices shall be made available via the RED.
  • Covered frequency range is up to 3000GHz with no lower limit. (R&TTE lower limit was 9kHz)

NOT under the RED scope

  • Any fixed-line terminal equipment
  • Radio equipment used by radio amateurs, unless it is made available on the market
  • Marine equipment falling under Council Directive 96/98/EC
  • Airborne products, parts and appliances falling under Article 3, Regulation (EC) No 216/2008
  • Custom-built evaluation kits for R&D purposes

Essential requirements

  • Health:
    • Protecting health and safety of persons and domestic animals
      and protecting property, fulfilling the objectives of the Low Voltage Directive, however, no voltage limits apply (Article 3(1)(a))
  • Environment:
    • Adequate level of EMC as set out in EMC Directive (Article 3(1)(b))
  • Connectivity:
    • Efficient use of radio spectrum to avoid interference (Article 3(2))
    • Interworking with accessories (especially chargers) (Article 3(3))
    • Interworking with networks (Article 3(3))
    • Connectable to interfaces (Article 3(3))
    • Not harming networks (Article 3(3))
  • Data Security:
    • Safeguarding personal data and privacy (Article 3(3))
  • Accountability:
    • Protecting from fraud (Article 3(3))
  • Quality of Smart Service:
    • Ensuring that software can only be uploaded after the compliance of the
      combination of the radio equipment and the software has been demonstrated (Article 3(3))
    • Providing access to emergency services (Article 3(3))
    • Facilitating use by people with disabilities (Article 3(3))

Conformity Assessment Procedures

The manufacturer performs a conformity assessment of the radio equipment to ensure it meets all essential requirements (Article 3) in all possible configurations. (Importers or distributors are regarded as manufacturers if they place equipment on the market under their name/trade mark or modify the equipment so that compliance with the RED might be affected.)

Instead of the Notified Body Opinion, know under the R&TTE Directive, the Notified Body issues a Type Examination Certificate”. Please notice that this is only mandatory for the assessment of essential requirements according to Article 3(2) and 3(3) and only if harmonized standards have not or have only been partly applied.   

Article 3 (1)

Manufacturer can demonstrate compliance to essential requirements stated in Article 3 (1) (Protecting health and safety / adequate level of EMC) via

  1. Internal production control (Annex II, Module A) – or
  2. EU type examination (by Notified Body) followed by internal production control (Annex III, Module B and C) – or
  3. Conformity based on full quality assurance system, (assessed by Notified Body) (Annex IV, Module H)

Article 3(2) and 3 (3)

If using harmonized standards, the manufacturer can assess compliance with essential requirements according to Article 3(2) and 3 (3)  via

1. Internal production control (Annex II, Module A) – or

2. EU type examination (by Notified Body) followed by internal production control (Annex III, Module B and C) – or

3. Conformity based on full quality assurance system, (assessed by Notified Body) (Annex IV, Module H)

If not applying or only partly applying harmonized standards, the manufacturer can assess compliance with essential requirements only according to Article 3(2) and 3 (3)  via

2. EU type examination (by Notified Body) followed by internal production control (Annex III, Module B and C) – or

3. Conformity based on full quality assurance system, (assessed by Notified Body) (Annex IV, Module H)

In case radio equipment does not have a high level of compliance with the requested essential requirements, it will have to be registered by the manufacturer in a central system which shall be provided by the EU Member States in order to enhance market surveillance.

CE Marking

CE marking must be fixed visibly, legibly and indelibly to the radio equipment and/or its data plate (integrated screen) and its packaging. The identification number of the Notified Body shall only be fixed if the conformity assessment was based on a full quality assurance system (Annex IV, Module H).

Technical documentation

The technical documentation (according to Annex V) must contain technical data the manufacturer uses in order to ensure that the radio equipment complies with the essential requirements. It must be available before market introduction and written in an official EU language. Together with the Conformity Assessment Documents they have to be made available to the authorities for at least 10 years after market introduction.

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